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Operant conditioning. Operant conditioning (or instrumental conditioning) is a form of mastering in which an man or woman’s conduct is modified by means of its antecedents and results. Operant conditioning is outstanding from classical conditioning (or respondent conditioning) in that operant conditioning deals with the reinforcement and punishment to alternate conduct.

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Operant behavior operates on the surroundings and is maintained via its antecedents and results, whilst classical conditioning is maintained by conditioning of reflexive (reflex) behaviors, that are elicited by antecedent conditions. Behaviors conditioned through a classical conditioning process are not maintained through results. They both, but, shape the core of behavior evaluation and feature grown into professional practices. B.F skinner – skinner box. B.F skinner conceived the time period “operant conditioning”. EDU201 MIDTERM SOLVED PAPERS BY MOAAZ

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He positioned a rat in a field and educated it to pull a lever to get its meals – by way of not feeding it until it’d pull the lever. He determined that behavior did now not rely on the preceding stimulus as watson and pavlov maintained. Instead, skinner found that behaviors were based upon what happens after the . Edward thorndike – law of impact. EDU201 MIDTERM SOLVED PAPERS BY MOAAZ

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Thorndike did foundational research on why outcome of conduct, inclusive of rewards or punishments, influences our future alternatives. Devised a wooden puzzle field and put a cat in it – and located some fish food outside. Measured how long cat took to get out, and eat fish – progressively, cat discovered to tug accurate levers. Concluded.

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EDU201 MIDTERM SOLVED PAPERS BY MOAAZ

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All getting to know entails the formation of connections, which can be strengthened as consistent with the law of impact. And conduct that is followed by way of first-class outcomes is possibly to be repeated. Any conduct observed with the aid of unpleasant consequences is probably to be stopped, behavior amendment. EDU201 MIDTERM SOLVED PAPERS BYMOAAZ.